Air bags, seatbelts, and windshields have a common purpose: enhance your safety. A vehicle’s condition is known by how these parts are maintained by the owners. Out of these three, the windshield is the most important because of its additional features and benefits. It is apparent in how it keeps up the structural integrity of the vehicle when dealing with the heat often seen during the summer in Glendale.
In this article, we will see how worthy are the windshield repair and other auto glass replacement services. The components of a windshield might give some clue to how it is repaired. Two sheets of glass are laminated using a layer of polyvinyl butyrate (PVB) to make a piece. A chip or a crack is the most common problem and it tends to spread over a period. An early repair can save a lot of time and money. The manufacturers’ specification of installing a windshield is nearly impossible to duplicate as well. Therefore, in many cases, replacement is not advisable.
Glendale Windshield Replacement – Cost Factors
We don't spend much time in our lives thinking about one of the most ubiquitous products surrounding us every day: Glass. Glass is everywhere! Look around and you will see it in your home, office, eyeglasses (unless they're plastic), ceramics like toilets and dishes, bottles, light bulbs, tv screens, and of course in your car.
What is Glass? It's a combination of materials, most commonly silicon dioxide (sand), lime, and potash. There are specialty glasses made of other materials but the kind we see all the time, soda-lime glass, is mostly composed of the three materials mentioned above. For an easy-to-understand detailed explanation of glass, visit Wikipedia and type in the search term glass.
The two common types of glass we interact with daily, annealed and tempered, are basically the same products that have undergone different manufacturing treatments to give them individual characteristics. These characteristics are designed to serve certain functions.
Tempered glass is known as safety glass because it shatters into hundreds of tiny blocks, instead of into long sharp-edged, knife-like shards that can inflict terrible wounds. The small blocks of broken tempered glass are much less likely to cut human flesh. Tempered glass is used in the side windows and back glass on cars, as well as in commercial glass, sliding doors, and windows that reach to the floor.
Annealed glass, like in your kitchen window, is used to make windshields. You might wonder how in the world a kitchen window can be used in front of a driver. That's crazy! Yes, that would be crazy, unless the annealed glass was laminated together with a strong piece of plastic and another piece of glass to make a sandwich called laminated safety glass.
When you look through your windshield, you are looking through all three pieces, two of glass and one of plastic. The glass sticks to the plastic when it breaks. No doubt you've seen a shattered windshield and noticed that it hangs together in one big cracked piece. This is what makes the windshield different from your kitchen window.
Tempered glass is very tough and is difficult to break unless it gets punched with a sharp object. You may have seen a tool advertised on TV that's used to escape from a car by breaking the tempered side window. The tool is like a small hammer with a sharp point. Sadly, criminals have also discovered a use for it and keep it in their criminal toolbox. If you've ever suffered a broken window during a car break-in, it was probably done with one of these tools.
When it's manufactured, tempered glass is just like annealed glass. Then it goes through a heating process to "temper" it, making it tough and resilient. The glass is cooled quickly so the outside contracts and forms a compressed outer layer. It puts the whole piece of glass under tremendous stress and that's why it seems to explode when broken. The stress is released so powerfully that the glass breaks into harmless little chunks.
Why isn't tempered glass used in windshields? Many years ago it was used for windshields in some cars. Laminated safety glass just makes a better, safer product for the front of your car because it stays in place, even when broken, and keeps flying debris out of your face. It also helps to keep occupants inside the car.
The glass that we know is an unusual and interesting substance. Other materials can also be classed as glass. You might say that glass is not a substance but a quality or characteristic. A scientist might refer to glass as a state, much like a gas, liquid, or solid. Water makes a good example. Water can be gaseous (steam), liquid, or solid (ice), however it is not seen in a glassy state like liquid rock (lava) or molten metal.
Nature produces glass constantly. People who live in volcanic areas are familiar with obsidian, a glass used by early Americans to shape arrowheads, spear tips, and knives.
Just remember that when you are replacing your auto glass, the material you are looking through has an interesting history and unique characteristics that few other materials can match. Glass has been around for centuries and will endure into the foreseeable future.
Windshield Replacement Safety
Procrastination of a windshield crack repair is a losing game. There is an 80% chance the small crack in your windshield will continue to crack. Further cracking will lead to expensive replacement of the windshield.
Timely repair is the most important for several reasons. The sooner the repair takes place, the chances of further cracking diminishes. The longer a repair is held out, the higher chance the chip or small crack will become unrepairable. That will eventually cause you to replace the windshield. You can avoid this with a quality repair. It's very hard to get the windshield frame as clean and well secured as it was from the factory with a replacement windshield. Therefore, we want to keep the (O.E.M.) Original Equipment Manufactured windshield that was initially installed and sealed at the factory in place as long as possible.
Furthermore, time is of the essence when considering a repair because dirt, road dust, bird droppings and moisture can collect inside the windshield from the opening of the crack making it harder to repair.
We can remove moisture but there is a chance that the water removal could cause the windshield to crack further or crack towards the edge forcing replacement of the windshield. We can avoid most of these problems with timely repair of the cracked or chipped windshield.
Okay, so we have removed the moisture, but there is no way to remove the dirt and other particles that the moisture may have pulled into the crack. Dirt that has entered a cracked windshield will be visible after the completed repair. Water in the cracked windshield needs to be removed before the repair takes place, otherwise the bond will become weak and is more likely to fail which could ultimately lead to replacement which is exactly what we want to avoid. If a timely repair is not an option, covering the rock chip or crack with clear tape can help to keep contaminates out. Try to cover the chip or crack completely but don't disrupt your vision when driving as this could be dangerous.
Time is your enemy with a cracked windshield. Okay we get it, what else can you tell us about the cracked windshield repair?
One thing I have learned after years of windshield chip and crack repair is that every break is different and some fill easily while others take finesse and manipulation to remove all the air and assure that the resin has filled the crack or cracks before ultra violet curing of the resin takes place.
So what does that mean to us?
When a repair company tells you the repair only takes five to ten minutes, be cautious. As mentioned earlier every break is different and certain cracks need special treatment. Some cracks do fill quickly but some don't. So how can you do a good repair if you're rushed? You can't. Some repairs will take about an hour and others will only take 20 minutes or so. When a windshield crack repair professional is rushed, he or she will drill a hole in every break to make the crack fill faster inevitably creating a bigger hole to fill. This will never look as well as it should compared to a hole that is not drilled.
The windshield crack repair professional will try to fill the crack without drilling a hole. It can take a little longer, but the better it looks, the happier you will be. Right?
90% or more of small windshield chips or cracks can be filled without drilling which improves the finished visual outcome and appearance of the repair. This leads us back to the fact that every windshield crack is different and some will take more time than others to repair correctly.
What are the different types of equipment used to repair cracked windshields?
Good question. Windshield crack repair equipment varies widely among companies. High quality resins, injections and air removal methods vary from company to company and can affect the finished repair. Quality injection units and high quality resins are as important as the technicians performing the crack repairs. The quality resins create stronger bonds and resist yellowing better than inexpensive resins. Quality injection equipment will remove more air and the injection capabilities provide a higher quality crack repair.
No matter how good the equipment is, the skill and patience of the windshield crack repair professional is of the utmost importance. Quality equipment used in the hands of a patient and skilled windshield repair professional will produce quality repairs that anyone would be happy with. Quality repairs return the safety and integrity to the cracked windshield.
Windshield Replacement - Cost Factors